Sunday, January 13, 2013
Madonna Louise Ciccone (born in Bay City, Michigan, United States, August 16, 1958, age 54 years) is a singer, actress, and an American businessman. He is one of the greatest figures in the history of popular music world and earned the nickname the "Queen of Pop". According to Guinness World Records, she is the most successful female singer of all time. Madonna is known for its production of innovative and provocative music, choreography and stage shows were extravagant and artistic music videos. Since the emergence and dominance in the entertainment world of the 1980s, Madonna has defined music and pop culture and a major influence for many singers in the world.
Madonna released her first album in 1983 under the label Sire Records, having previously began his career as a drummer and vocalist in the rock band Breakfast Club and Emmy. Madonna then had raced to the top of popularity through a series of albums and singelnya who dominated the music charts in many countries, as well as video-video that successfully dominated the MTV. Throughout her career, Madonna has explored various genres of music and constantly changing her image. His works have received international praise from music critics, but also frequent controversy due to the use of the theme of sexuality, religion, and politics.
Madonna widen his career with the plunge in acting. Unfortunately, Madonna's acting career did not segemilang action in the world of music. Most of the Madonna movie did not get a positive response from the public and critics. However, Madonna was awarded "Best Actress" Golden Globe Awards thanks to his appearance in the movie Evita (1996). In addition, Madonna is also known as a fashion designer, children's book author, film director, and film producer. He has been recognized as a genius businessman and has been named the richest female singers in the world by Forbes magazine. He also managed to establish a successful record company Maverick launched a career as a singer Alanis Morissette.
Madonna is the best selling female artist of all time, with sales of recorded music reached more than 300 million copies worldwide. In 2008, Billboard magazine rank-Madonna at number two behind The Beatles in the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists, making it the most successful solo artist in the history of the U.S. charts. Throughout her career, Madonna has won many awards and has recorded several records in the Guinness World Records. Madonna's name has also been enshrined in museums Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Life and career
1958-1981: Early life
Madonna is the third of six children, the couple Madonna Fortin, a French-Canadian descent woman and Silvio Anthony Ciccone, an Italian-American man who was originally from Pacentro, Abruzzo, Italia.Ibunya died of breast cancer when Madonna was 5 years old . His father later remarried to his family household caretaker, Joan Gustafson.
Madonna received his school education at St. Frederick's and St. Andrew's Elementary Schools, and then West Middle School. At school he was known as a smart student. After that, he continued his education at Rochester Adams High School and a member of the squad. After graduating from school, Madonna managed to get a dance scholarship at the University of Michigan. Her ballet teacher who convinced Madonna to make a career in the field of dance. At the age of 19, Madonna decided to leave college and move to New York City in 1977.
With money worth $ 35, Madonna was desperate to go to New York by plane and taxi. As a result, the money was gone and he was living in squalor. He then worked as a waiter in a fast food restaurant Dunkin 'Donuts and as a dancer.  He later even became a nude model photo because she desperately needed money. Madonna struck up a relationship with musician Dan Gilroy, and then together formed his first rock band, the Breakfast Club. In 1980, Madonna left the group and formed the group Emmy with drummer and former boyfriend Stephen Bray. They then co-produced dance songs that managed to get the attention of clubs in New York City. DJ and record producer, Kamins interested Marka Madonna demo tape and then introduced him to Seymour Stein, founder of Sire Records, a record label under Warner Bros. Records. Madonna was then drafted into one of the artists on the record label.
1982-1985: Madonna, Like a Virgin and marriage first
Madonna with the band accompanying the concert "The Virgin Tour".
After signing a recording contract with Sire Records, Madonna is launching its first single titled "Everybody" on October 6, 1982. A year later, Madonna released her first album titled Madonna. The album was quite a hit and reached # 8 on the Billboard 200 album charts and the top 10 in several countries. In addition to "Everybody", the album also spawned 4 other singles, namely "Burning Up", "Hollyday", "Lucky Star" and "Borderline". Slowly, the appearance and style of dress Madonna began to affect many girls and women to make a fashion icon in the decade of the 1980s.
Madonna is really gaining popularity across the world when released his second album titled Like a Virgin in 1984. This album reached rank 1 in several countries and has been successfully sold to 21 million copies worldwide. Singles from this album, "Like a Virgin", topped the successful Billboard Hot 100 for six consecutive weeks. Madonna featuring the song on pegelaran inaugural MTV Video Music Awards wearing a wedding dress and the belt "Boy Toy" which became his trademark at the time.  His performance proficiency level is one of the most memorable moments in the history of MTV.
In 1985, Madonna began trying to portray her acting with a club singer in the film Vision Quest. He also released the single theme of the film, "Crazy for You", which managed to become the number-one singles in the United States both Madonna. "Crazy for You" gets a very good reaction to criticism from critics the world, stating that Madonna is also good at singing ballads. This is what makes Madonna a favorite to win the event Grammy Awards, where "Crazy for You" was nominated Best Female Pop Vocal Performance. However, the biggest upset occurred when Madonna fails to win the award, although many critics who predicted Madonna would win. Furthermore, Madonna also appeared in the comedy Desperately Seeking Susan, which introduces number-one singles in the United Kingdom premiere of Madonna, "Into the Groove." Madonna affair with actor Sean Penn, and then they were married on the anniversary of the Madonna-27 .
In that year, Madonna embarked on a tour concert premiere titled "The Virgin Tour". This tour is only held in North America despite numerous requests from Europe and Asia. At the concert in the prestigious building Radio City Music Hall, New York, Madonna broke the record with 17,672 concert tickets were completely sold out in 34 minutes. She also participated in the Live Aid benefit concert to raise money for famine crisis in Ethiopia.
In July 1985, Penthouse and Playboy magazines horrendous world by publishing nude pictures of black and white Madonna taken in 1978 in New York. Due to be published in the legitimate media, Madonna can not take legal action to stop the magazines. The photos were taken when Madonna has not been popular and is in need of money to survive in New York. At that time, Madonna paid $ 25 a photo shoot, while the photographs themselves had sold up to $ 100,000.
1986-1991: True Blue and Like a Prayer
Madonna on the sidelines of his world tour entitled "Blond Ambition World Tour" - 12 September 1990.
In 1986, Madonna released her third album titled True Blue. This album reached number one in several countries and has sold over 24 million copies. The album was successfully placed three number-one singles on the Billboard charts Madonna Hot 100, "Live to Tell", "Papa Do not Preach" and "Open Your Heart". In the same year, the first movie starring Madonna, Shanghai Surprise, received some criticism.
In 1987, Madonna starred again Who's That Girl and released the soundtrack album. This year, Madonna touring musical titled "Who's That Girl World Tour". Madonna released a remix album of songs from his hits titled You Can Dance. In 1988, the government of Pacentro, Italy began designing Madonna statue as high as 13 feet (4 meters). Statue was built to signify that Madonna ancestors originated from tersebut.Pada January 1989, Madonna divorced her first husband, Sean Penn.
Madonna's fourth album, Like a Prayer, released in 1989 and ranked number one in many countries including the Billboard 200 album charts. His first single, "Like a Prayer", a great success and managed to top the world charts. Song music video featured many Catholic religious symbols such as stigmata and burning crosses, which received harsh condemnation from the Vatican. Soft drink company Pepsi originally signed Madonna for the song and the video display on the commercials. As a result of the controversy, Pepsi decided to withdraw the ad and canceled its contract with Madonna.
The next year, Madonna starred in the film adaptation of the comic series, Dick Tracy. To accompany the film, Madonna released a second soundtrack album entitled I'm Breathless. The album spawned the number one singles-8 Madonna, "Vogue" and "Sooner or Later" which won the Oscar category of "Best Original Song". In April 1990, Madonna start her world tour titled "Blond Ambition World Tour", featuring the sexual and religious themes. Madonna was controversy over his appearance on the song "Like a Virgin" featuring two male dancers who fondle her before she demonstrate masturbation scene. The Pope appealed to all Catholics not to follow the Madonna concert. Catholic Association named Famiglia Domani also boycott the tour for presenting sensuality.
In November 1990, Madonna released her first album titled best compilation The Immaculate Collection. This album contains 15 hits of Madonna throughout the decade of the 1980s, plus two new songs, "Justify My Love" and "Rescue Me". The album was recorded as the world's best-selling compilation by a female singer with sales of more than 26 million copies. Nine number-one singles in the U.S. Madonna, "Justify My Love", again controversy with her music videos featuring sexual violence, same-sex kissing and ketelanjangan.Akibatnya, the video was banned by MTV and VH1 aired. At this time, Madonna also dating the model and actor Tony Ward, and then with rapper Vanilla Ice.
1992-1996: Controversies SEX book to the success of Evita
Madonna theatrical performances in the concert "The Girlie Show" (1993).
In 1992, Madonna founded his first company, Maverick, consisting of a record company (Maverick Records), the film production company (Maverick Films), and the music publishing division, television, merchandise and books. The first issue is the company's controversial book titled Madonna SEX. The book contains pictures taken by photographer Steven Meisel. Despite reaping strong reaction in the media, books costing $ 50 is immediately sells 1,500,000 copies. Madonna's fifth album, Erotica, which was released on October 20, 1992, reached number 2 on the Billboard 200 album.
In 1993, Madonna starred in two films, each Body of Evidence and Dangerous Game. Madonna criticized again for the film Body Of Evidence featuring eroticism. But for Dangerous Game, Madonna received a number of compliments. At the end of 1993, Madonna held a concert tour titled "The Girlie Show World Tour". The tour received negative reaction time in Puerto Rico, where he was rubbing on stage when the country's flag among kakinya.Orang Orthodox Jews also protested the inaugural concert in Israel. In that year, when Madonna performing at the Late Show with David Letterman, he uttered obscenities and asking Letterman to kiss her underwear. A series of controversies that have been done, making Madonna getting negative publicity from critics and fans who considered he had gone too far.
Madonna began to try to reduce the controversy with the release of the single "I'll Remember", which recorded for Alek Keshishian landing movie, With Honors.  He then began to show tame appearance with David Letterman at an awards show as well as appearing on the show Jay Leno . In 1994, Madonna released her sixth album, Bedtime Stories. With this album, Madonna tried to pull back public sympathy and soften its image. This album spawned the singles "Take a Bow" is number one Billboard Hot 100 for seven weeks. As a follow-up to his attempt to soften the image, in May 1995, Madonna released Something to Remember compilation album containing songs ballads, plus two new songs: "You'll See" and recycled songs from Marvin Gaye entitled "I Want You ".
In 1996, Madonna starred in successful films throughout her acting career, Evita. This soundtrack album contains three singles Madonna, the "You Must Love Me", "Do not Cry For Me Argentina" and "Another Suitcase in Another Hall". Through this film, he later won the Best Actress award at the Golden Globe Awards.  At this time, Madonna engaging relationships with fitness trainer Carlos Leon. On October 14, 1996, Madonna gave birth to Lourdes Maria Ciccone first son Leon, the fruit of her relationship with Carlos Leon. After the birth of her first child, Madonna began to embrace the belief Cabala, a Jewish mystical stream.
1997-2002: Ray of Light, Music and a second marriage
Ray of Light album won four Grammy Awards in 1998.
After the birth of her first child, Madonna became involved in the Kabalah, a stream of Jewish mysticism. He was introduced to the teachings of Kabalah in 1997 by actress Sandra Bernhard. A year later, Madonna launched her seventh album, Ray of Light, which sat at number 2 on the Billboard 200 album. Through this album, Madonna won three awards at the 1998 Grammy Awards for the category "Best Pop Vocal Album", "Best Dance Recording" and "Best Short Form Music Video". The first single from this album, "Frozen", was ranked 2 on the Billboard Hot 100. In the United Kingdom, the single was a number-one singles first Madonna in the last 8 years. In 2005, the song was later accused of plagiarism of the work of Belgian musicians song creation, Salvatore Acquaviva's "Ma Vie Fount L'camp". As a result, the album and the song Madonna is banned in Belgium. The second single from the album, "Ray of Light", occupied the fifth position in the United States and won the MTV Video Music Awards. The song was also used in a Microsoft ad campaign to introduce Windows XP. Album Ray of Light is one of the best albums of Madonna and is one of the "Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time".
In 2000, Madonna starred in the film The Next Best Thing. He contributed two songs to the film, which is "Time Stood Still" and "American Pie", recycling Don McLean's song. The same year Madonna released her eighth album, Music, who immediately sat down in the ranking of the Billboard 200 album charts. This album scored three singles: "Music", the number-one single to-12 Madonna in the United States, as well as the singles "Do not Tell Me" and "What It Feels Like for a Girl". Madonna re-establish relationships, this time with Guy Ritchie. On August 11, 2000, Madonna gave birth to a son who he named Rocco. The couple later married in Scotland in the same year. After the marriage of Madonna settled in England and became the richest woman in the country than Queen Elizabeth II.
In May 2001, Madonna embarked on a tour concert kerlimanya titled "Drowned World Tour" in the cities of North America and Europe. The tour became one of the best-selling tour that year with a profit of $ 75 million out of a total of 47 pieces sold-out performances.   Madonna then released a compilation titled Best GHV2 both appearing at position 7 on the Billboard 200. In 2002, Madonna starred in the film Swept Away then directed by her husband, Guy Ritchie. In the same year he released the single theme of James Bond movie, "Die Another Day". This single reached the rank of 8 in the United States and received two nominations, the Golden Globe Award for "Best Song" and a Golden Raspberry as the "Worst Song".
2003-2006: American Life, Confessions on a Dance Floor and adoption case
Madonna in concert performances "Confessions Tour".
In 2003, Madonna released her ninth album titled American Life that contains political themes and social life Amerika.Meskipun reached rank 1 in many countries, the album only sold 4 million copies and became the lowest selling album of Madonna's entire career. Single of the same name with this album, "American Life" video again invited controversy due depicting warfare and explosives. The single was only ranked 37 in the Billboard Hot 100. In the same year, Madonna appeared in the MTV Video Music Awards event, featuring the song "Hollywood" with Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera and Missy Elliott. At these performances, Madonna kissed Britney and Christina, resulting furore in the media. After that performance, Madonna contributed his voice to the Britney single titled "Me Against the Music".
In 2004, Madonna held a concert tour in North America and Europe, titled "Re-Invention World Tour". This is the most successful music tour in 2004 with profits reaching $ 125 million. He then released a documentary of the tour, I'm Going to Tell You a Secret. On 11 November 2004, Madonna was inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame for his contribution to the world of music is phenomenal Britain. In that year, Rolling Stone magazine also puts Madonna in position 36 in the list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".
After the tsunami disaster in 2004, Madonna participated in the concert "Tsunami Aid" which was held to raise funds for tsunami victims in Asia. In November 2005, Madonna launched its tenth album, Confessions on a Dance Floor. The album received positive reviews from critics and Madonna returns to the pinnacle of success. The first single from this album, "Hung Up", breaking records with the number one in 45 countries. Both single, "Sorry", also managed to become the number-one singles in the United Kingdom 12 Madonna.
In May 2006, Madonna embarked on a tour concert titled "Confessions Tour". The tour this time a great success, with a total of 1.2 million viewers and a total profit reached $ 260.1 million. The use of religious symbols at the time of his appearance on the song "Live to Tell" caused the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian Jewish Community Federation urging members to boycott Madonna concert. The Vatican and the bishops from Düsseldorf also participated denounced the concert.
In a series of tour, Madonna flew to Malawi to help and fund an orphanage as part of the Raising Malawi. On October 10, 2006, he adopted a boy named David Banda Mwale from the orphanage. Madonna changed the name to the child David Banda Mwale Ciccone Ritchie.Pengadopsian gets a strong reaction from the public because the law says that parents Malawi adopters must live in the country for one year before adopting Malawian children. On the show The Oprah Winfrey Show, Madonna has denied the allegations. He stated that there is no written law in Malawi that regulate adoption by foreigners and that Banda had been suffering from pneumonia after surviving malaria and tuberculosis from when he met with the child's adoption itu.Kasus complex was finally completed on May 28, 2008.
2007-present: Hard Candy and Celebration
Madonna on the best-selling concert tour, "Sticky & Sweet Tour", in 2008.
In 2007, Madonna released the song "Hey You" in the context of the series of Live Earth concerts. This song can be downloaded for free on the internet in the first week. Madonna then announced his exit from Warner Bros.. and signed a contract worth $ 120 for 10 years with Live Nation, a music division which he co-founded.  On March 10, 2008, Madonna was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. This year, Madonna wrote and produced I Am Because We Are, a documentary on the problems faced by people living Malawi. Madonna also mensutradarai first film, Filth and Wisdom.
In April 2008, Madonna released the eleventh studio album, Hard Candy, which sits directly on the ranking of the UK Albums Chart, the Billboard 200 and various countries in the world. The first single from this album, "4 Minutes", sung a duet with Justin Timberlake, Madonna managed to make the most successful female artist in the United Kingdom with 13 single-number satu.Dengan these singles, Madonna also beat Elvis Presley for the most number of Top 10 hits in the United States. For the success of this album, Madonna held a concert series titled Sticky & Sweet Tour, which managed to become the most successful touring solo artist in music history, with profits reaching $ 280 million.
In December 2008, the official Madonna divorced her second husband, Guy Ritchie. Shortly thereafter, he began a relationship with Jesus Luz, a Brazilian model, 30 years younger him. Madonna adopted a child again Malawi, Chifundo "Mercy" James. Although initially back opposition, on June 12, 2009, the High Court of Malawi granted Madonna to adopt the child.
In 2009, Madonna released the third best compilation, Celebration. This album contains songs hits throughout the 3 decades of Madonna's career, including the new single titled "Celebration".
Madonna performed the song "Like a Prayer" at the concert Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief on January 22, 2010. He announced the release of the third live album, Sticky & Sweet Tour, on March 30, 2010.
From 9 November 2011 to 13 November 2012, Madonna toured the world as much as 72 times the performance, with an estimated total audience of more than 1.6 million people. According to Billboard magazine, gave Madonna during the tour grossed over $ 228 million, as well as placing it as the best-selling singers in 2012.
Legacy and influence
According to Rolling Stone, Madonna is one of the biggest pop music figures of all time. He was named the "Queen of Pop" by the media and the public career skyrocket to several generations. In 2008, through a list of The Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists, Billboard magazine declared Madonna as the most successful solo artist in the history of the American charts. He was only defeated by the legendary group The Beatles United Kingdom. Madonna also holds the record as the female artist with the album and the most number-one singles in the history of British music Raya.Nama Madonna is also included in the book 100 Most Important Women of the 20th Century ("One Hundred Most Important Women of the 20th Century"), published Ladies' Home Journal in 1998. In July 2003, VH1 and People magazine put Madonna at number seven in the list of "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons of All Time." Madonna was also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2008.
Look at Madonna "Sticky & Sweet Tour" which is the most successful concert tour of the most successful of all time by a solo artist.
Throughout three decades of his career, Madonna has frequently changed her image, both appearance and music. Biographer Fouz-Hernández explained that the change of the image of Madonna is a key achievement in pop culture. Madonna changed her image with the kostan working with talented artists and producers that have not known, so it became the center of media attention. By doing so, Madonna has become an example of many people how to maintain one's career in the entertainment industry. Madonna describes himself as someone who is constantly changing images and charms from time to time. Ian Youngs from BBC News commented, "Her ability to follow the latest trends and adapt her style has often been touted as a custodian of its appeal." How Madonna in use of sex has a major impact on his career and has a strong influence on the public debate on sexuality and feminism. The Times explains: "Madonna, whether you like it or not, has initiated a major revolution for women in the music world." Shmuel Boteach, author of Hating women (2005), felt that Madonna largely responsible in removing the line between music and pornography. He added: "Before Madonna, perhaps women are more popularized his voice to become a superstar. But in the world after the emergence of Madonna, even highly original performers such as Janet Jackson now feel compelled to expose his body on national television to sell albums."
Since its emergence, Madonna has invested a great influence in the contemporary music world. Author Mary Cross in Madonna has written a biography notes, "The Effect of [Madonna] on pop music is undeniable and far-reaching. Icons new pop music from Nelly Furtado and Shakira to Gwen Stefani and Christina Aguilera (not to mention Britney Spears) owe Madonna on the concept that he instigated, such as combining the sexiness of the provocative and force women into images, music and lyrics of the song. biographer Fouz-Hernández added, "singer-singers such as Britney Spears, Spice Girls, Destiny's Child, Jennifer Lopez , Kylie Minogue and Pink is like Madonna's daughters in the sense that they all grew up listening to and admiring Madonna, and then decided to imitate his style. In Indonesia, there is a singer Agnes Monica who recognizes her as the inspirasinya.Madonna also recognized for its success in introducing European electronic dance music into American pop culture, and carry the names of European producers such as Stuart Price and Mirwais Ahmadzai to popularity.
Madonna has also received recognition as a model for women worldwide business. Madonna has a kind of financial control that has been long sought by the women in the industry. He produced more than 1.2 billion dollars in just a span of a decade of his career. She also managed to establish a record company Maverick Records, and brought into kesuksesan.Guinness Book of World Records named her as the highest earning female singer in the world, after the record-breaking revenue of 26.6 million pounds in 2004 alone. Academic from the London Business School recognizes that Madonna is a "dynamic entrepreneur.